Vignette Wipe transitions between two layers by animating a softened elliptical/rectangular opacity vignette which progressively reveals the underlying layer as the size of the vignette changes.
Presets and Common Controls
BCC filters come with a library of factory installed presets plus the ability to create your own custom presets and preview them with the BCC FX Browser™.
BCC filters also include common controls that configure global effect preferences and other host-specific effect settings.
For more information about working with presets and other common controls, Click Here.
Background allows you to choose a layer to composite below the source image. This option is only relevant when you have applied this transition as “an effect” as opposed to as a “single-track transition”. When applied as a true transition (in hosts which support transitions) the background layer is automatically set to the incoming transition layer so this menu will be hidden in such situations.
The Animation menu controls whether the ﬁlter auto-animates, uses a Percent Done slider (which much be keyframed), or offers direct manual controls over the vignette radius. Choose from the following options.
- Manual is the most ﬂexible setting. Use Manual if you are applying the ﬁlter as a composite instead of a transition, or do not have enough control with the other settings. When Manual is chosen, you create the wipe by manually animating parameters such as Radius. When Manual is chosen, Percent Done has no affect.
- Auto animates the incoming clip from hidden at the start of the transition, to fully visible and opaque at the end of the transition. Choosing Auto has the same affect as choosing Pct. Done with a 0 value keyframe at the start of the effect and a 100 value keyframe at the end. When Auto is chosen, Percent Done has no affect. In some instances Auto may result in the incoming clip reaching fully onscreen before the effect ﬁnishes. In this instance, choose Pct. Done and animate the Percent Done parameter instead of using Auto.
- Pct. Done animates the incoming clip from fully hidden (at a value of 0) to fully visible and opaque (at a value of 100). When Pct. Done is chosen, the Percent Done parameter allows you to keyframe the animation progression manually.
If an option other than Manual is chosen, the ﬁlter automatically adjusts the overall pace of the animation to ensure the transition completes on time for any set of effect parameters. If this does not produce the desired look at the ends of the effect, set Animation to Manual and manually adjust the effect instead.
Animation Tuning Group: Contains contextually enabled parameters to control the transition animation.
- View Ease Curve checkbox – enable to view the animation curve in the composite window.
- Ease In – Used to ease the animation at the beginning of the transition.
- Ease Out – Used to ease the animation at the end of the transition.
Invert Wipe flips the progression of the animation over the course of the transition so that for example the bottom image may appear to wipe on as opposed to the top image wiping off.
Center controls set the center point of the wipe geometry.
Radius allows manual control over the radius of the vignette size. This parameter is only available when the Animation menu is set to Manual.
Squareness controls whether the vignette shape is elliptical, rectangular, or somewhere in between.
Scale Others to Radius when enabled, this automatically re-scales the geometric properties such as softness as the radius animates over the course of the transition.
Softness softens the edges of the wipe by increasing transparency in pixels that are close to the edges.
Smooth Softness this controls the shape of the transition between the masked and unmasked parts of the image. A value of zero produces a sharper change between regions, whereas higher values produce smoother, more natural gradations.
Stretch controls the relative width vs height of the vignette shape.
Rotate Rotates the shape.
Gradient On enables modulating the wipe shape by an additional linear gradient. This provides a less symmetrical wipe with the progression advancing earlier in some parts of the image than others along the line of the gradient.
Gradient Amount controls the intensity of the gradient effect. Small values produce little change to the wipe shape whereas larger values generate an increasingly strong bias along the gradient direction.
Gradient Angle controls the direction of the linear gradient ramp. By default it is aligned from left to right but can be rotated to in any direction.
The Output menu controls the output of the wipe. You can also use this menu to preview the matte, or preview the source channel used by the ﬁlter to create the effect. Not all of its options are relevant in all situations. Choose from the following options. The following examples show the BCC Radial Wipe.
- Mult. Alpha multiplies the alpha channel created by the ﬁlter with the source alpha channel. Only areas that are opaque in both alpha channels are opaque in the output. This results in an image whose opacity at each point is at most its input opacity. For an opaque input image, this is the same as Replace Alpha.
- View Matte displays a grayscale preview of the alpha channel created by the ﬁlter, as shown at right. Opaque regions are white, and transparent regions are black.
- Replace Alpha replaces the source alpha with the matte created by the ﬁlter. For an opaque input image, this is the same as Multiply Alpha.
- Screen Alpha screens the alpha channel created by the ﬁlter with the source alpha channel. Areas that are opaque in either alpha channel are opaque in the output.
- Diff. Alpha subtracts the alpha channel created by the ﬁlter from the source alpha as shown at right.
- Zoom scales the input image to the size of the alpha channel created by the wipe. The image is positioned at the center of this alpha channel at its correct aspect. Zoom’s scaling is based on the computed alpha channel and is not sub-pixel animated. In some instances, adjusting parameters such as Inﬂuence and Texture can cause Zoom settings to appear jumpy.
- When Zoom Independent is chosen, the effect is the same as Zoom, but each axis of the source scales independently.
- When Borders Only is chosen, the wipe renders only the borders.
- Borders w Source renders the borders over the source image. As shown in the example at right, the wipe’s alpha channel is ignored.
Working with the Border Parameter Group
The parameters in the Border group adjust the ﬁrst border you create. To create only a single border, use the parameters in this group. You can create up to three independent borders.
The Borders On checkbox is an easy way to enables all the borders contained in this and the Border parameter group. If this checkbox is deselected, no borders are rendered, even if the Borders On checkbox from the previous Borders parameter group is enabled.
Master Thickness scales the thickness of all borders.
Master Opacity sets the opacity for all the borders, expressed as a percentage.
Master Offset offsets the position of all borders relative to the wipe progress.
Working with the Additional Borders Parameter Group
Each Transition Wipe effect can include up to three independent borders. The Additional Borders parameter group contains controls for two additional borders. To create only two borders, you can use only the controls in this group. To make three borders, create the ﬁrst border using the parameters in the Border Parameter Group and use this group for the additional and master border controls. Borders are composited in order; if all three borders are used, Border 3 is composited over Border 2, which is composited over Border 1.
The Border On checkbox enables the ﬁrst border. If this checkbox is disabled, no border is created and the remaining parameters have no affect.
Border 1 Thickness sets the thickness of the ﬁrst border, in pixels.
Border 1 Opacity controls the opacity of the border, expressed as a percentage. The Border Color controls set the color of the border.
The Border 1 Layer menu generates the border from another timeline layer instead of the chosen Color. If you do not assign a layer to this menu, the speciﬁed Color is used.
|Border Layer menu set to Outgoing|
You can create interesting composites by using moving video as your border.
Border 1 Softness adjusts the softness of the border and is scaled to the width of the border. When Softness is 100, the border is fully opaque at its center.
Border 1 Balance controls the balance of softness between the inside and outside edge of the border. Positive values increase the softness at the outside edge, and decrease softness at the inside edge.
|Border Balance= -99||Border Balance=0||Border Balance=100|
Border 1 Offset moves the border relative to the edge of the wipe. Negative values move the border to the left; positive values move the border to the right. You can use the Border Offset parameter to make a border appear as a drop shadow.
|Border Offset= -5||Border Offset=0||Border Offset=10|
|Stretched and Rotated Radial Wipe with Three Borders|
The Border 2 On and Border 3 On checkboxes enable the second and third borders. These are ignored if the Master Borders On checkbox is deselected.
The remaining Border 2 and Border 3 individual border controls are identical to the corresponding Border 1 parameters (Border parameter group).
Working with the Pattern Parameters
The Pattern parameters let you superimpose an angular pattern on the wipe to produce a more complex effect. The pattern distorts the edges of the wipe, making it less even. You set the Pattern type in the Pattern menu. When Off is chosen in the Pattern menu, the other Pattern parameters have no affect.
- Note: Using a pattern has very little affect on render time.
The Pattern menu sets the type of pattern. The available patterns depend on the wipe shape that you use. Experiment with these options to ﬁnd one that works for you.
- When Off is chosen, no pattern is applied and the parameters in the Pattern Settings parameter group have no affect.
- Noise creates a wavy noise pattern.
- Noise Symm 2, Noise Symm 3,Noise Symm 4, Noise Symm 6, Noise Symm 8, Noise Symm 12 or Noise Symm 16 create noise that is symmetric, with the number indicating the repetitions.
- Smooth Fractal Noise or Rough Fractal Noise create a noise pattern by directly using the Fractal Noise algorithm. Because the noise pattern wrap s, the noise is always symmetric; at some settings the noise exhibits noticeable points at 0 and 180 degrees.
- Sine 1, Sine 2 and Sine 3 are variants of a sine wave pattern.
- Triangle and Wave are shape patterns. Pattern Variation has no affect when you choose Triangle.
- Opposing Noise superimposes two different noise patterns. Pattern Detail affects both patterns, while Pattern Variation affects the detail of the second pattern relative to the ﬁrst.
- Opposing Waves superimposes two different sine waves.
- Sine Variable Noise superimposes a sine wave with noise.
- 3 Sines superimposes three sine waves. At a Pattern Variation value of 0, all three use the same wavelength.
- 3 Sines with Noise superimposes three sine waves with noise. At a Pattern Variation value of 0, all three use the same wavelength.
- 3 Spectra superimposes three Spectral waves. At a Pattern Variation value of 0, all three use the same wavelength.
- 3 Spectra with Noise superimposes three Spectral waves with noise. At a Pattern Variation value of 0, all three use the same wavelength.
- Variable Wave Bunch creates a group of waves of random amplitudes. Increasing Pattern Variation varies the number of different wavelengths, making the effect look more like noise.
- Narrow Wave Bunch, Medium Wave Bunch, or Wide Wave Bunch create a group of waves of varying number. Pattern Variation changes the shape of the waves by adjusting the starting point of the noise sequence.
|Rough Fractal Noise||Sine 1||3 Spectra with Noise|
Pattern Amount controls the amount of distortion created by the chosen pattern from the Wipe Pattern menu. At a value of 0, no pattern is created.
- Note: Large amounts of distortion, especially with the Noise patterns, can result in an aliased look or overly sharp points. These can be corrected using the Choke or Blur in the Post Process parameter group.
Pattern Detail controls the amount of detail in the pattern. Depending on the chosen pattern, this parameter controls the number of cycles of the wave or the amount of detail in the pattern.
- Note: Since waves must ﬁt around the wipe shape, Pattern Detail cannot smoothly animate any of the wave patterns, and Pattern Variation cannot smoothly animate patterns that use multiple waves. All parameters can smoothly animate for the noise-based patterns.
Pattern Rotation adjust the amount of rotation for the chosen pattern. The affect increases as Pattern Detail increases, especially for the wave patterns. This parameters only affects the Multi Stretch Wipe and Radial Wipe.
Pattern Variation randomizes the pattern. The nature of the variation depends on the chosen pattern.
Pattern Motion auto-animates the position of the pattern. The nature of the animation depends on the chosen pattern.
Working with the Influence and Influence Map Parameters
The Inﬂuence and Inﬂuence Map parameters allow a channel in the incoming or outgoing clip to inﬂuence the wipe. The inﬂuence layer pushes the wipe border in or out based on the value of each pixel.
- Note: Using a moving video texture such as water as both an Inﬂuence layer and a border can produce a pleasing stylized effect. A custom gradient still image is also a useful source for the Inﬂuence.
- Note: Using the Inﬂuence controls slows the ﬁlter.
The following examples show a Linear Wipe with Inﬂuence used on different images.
|Influence=Off||Influence=incoming fish||Influence=outgoing water|
The Inﬂuence menu allows you to turn the Inﬂuence On or Off. When Off is chosen, the other parameters have no affect. Choosing View lets you see the inﬂuence map after it is processed by controls in the Inﬂuence Map group.
Inﬂuence Intensity adjusts the intensity of the inﬂuence. Increasing values create more intensity.
The Inf. Layer menu lets you choose the layer that is used for the inﬂuence. If you do not assign a layer to this menu, the other parameters have no affect.
The Channel menu allows you to choose the channel that is used for the inﬂuence.
- Alpha, Luma Red, Green, and Blue create inﬂuence based on the value of the corresponding channel. Higher values create more inﬂuence.
- Choose Luma Inverted or Alpha Inverted to create inﬂuence based on the inverse of the value of the corresponding channel. In this case, lower values create more inﬂuence.
- If Luma Difference, Luma Lightest, or Luma Darkest is chosen, the ﬁltered layer (the outgoing clip when the effect is a transition) is combined with the chosen Inﬂuence Layer to create the channel.
Inf. Threshold works in conjunction with the Inf. Softness parameter to set the value in the Inﬂuence Layer above which pixels are considered fully on. Pixels whose channel values are above the Inﬂuence Threshold level are fully on; those with channel values below the level are off. For example, if the Channel menu is set to Red and Inf. Threshold is set to 100, then all pixels whose red channel value is higher than 100 create inﬂuence.
Inf. Softness softens the edges of the inﬂuence by softening pixels whose values are near the Inf. Threshold value. Set Inf. Softness to 0 for a harsh, high-contrast inﬂuence, or increase it to soften the edges of the ﬁltered region.
Blur applies a blur to the edges of the Inﬂuence channel before creating the wipe.
Choke applies a choke to the wipe. Positive Choke values tighten the matte, while negative values expand the matte.
If the Bidirectional Inﬂuences checkbox is deselected, a positive inﬂuence value always reveals more image, and a negative value hides more. If this checkbox is selected, the inﬂuence can go in both directions.
Working with the Texture Parameters
The Texture controls are similar to the Inﬂuence controls. They allow the wipe to be inﬂuenced by a Fractal Noise Map, a White Noise map, or both. The Texture controls differ from the pattern controls in that they operate on a pixel-by-pixel basis. The Texture controls can create holes in the wipe, while the Pattern controls do not create holes.
- Note: Using the Texture controls slows the ﬁlter.
The Texture Type controls which type(s) of texture map inﬂuences the wipe.
- When Off is chosen, no texture is used.
- Fractal Noise uses a simpliﬁed version of the algorithm used by the Noise Map ﬁlter to generate the texture.
- White Noise uses the algorithm used by the Pixel Noise ﬁlters combined with a high quality blur. The blur amount is set by the Noise Softness parameter.
- Fractal and White Noise combines both types of texture.
Multi Stretch Wipe
Texture Intensity scales the intensity of both the Fractal and White Noise. Negative values reverse the effect, causing pixels that would become more transparent to become more opaque and vice versa.
Fractal Intensity adjusts the intensity of the Fractal Noise texture if Fractal Noise or Fractal and White Noise are chosen in the Texture menu.
Fractal Scale scales the size of the details in the Fractal Noise texture if Fractal Noise, White Noise or Fractal and White Noise are chosen in the Texture menu.
The choices in the Fractal Type menu set the general appearance of the Fractal Noise texture. Choose Smooth, Bubbly or Stringy.
Fractal Flow Rate set the speed of the motion of the Fractal Noise texture pattern.
Fractal Flow Direction sets the direction of the motion of the Fractal Noise texture pattern.
Fractal Morph Start controls the look of the Fractal Noise texture at the ﬁrst frame of the effect.
Fractal Morph Rate determines the rate at which the Fractal Noise texture surges and rotates inward as the ﬁlter auto-animates.
Setting the Downsample menu to 2 speeds rendering by creating a smaller (downsampled) Noise map. This can make the ﬁlter appear rougher, which is useful for some effects.
Noise Intensity controls the intensity of the noise texture.
Noise Softness controls the softness applied to the noise texture.
Noise Seed determines the value input to the random number used by the ﬁlter to create the noise. Adjust this value when you like the overall appearance of the noise but want to change the random conﬁguration.
Noise Morph Rate controls the rate at which the noise texture evolves over time. This allows you to auto-animate the noise texture. You can also animate this parameter between a static and evolving noise texture by animating this parameter
If the Bidirectional Textures checkbox is deselected, a positive texture value always reveals more image, and a negative value hides more. If this checkbox is selected, the texture can go in both directions.
Working with the Post Process Parameter Group
Gamma controls the value of the middle tones while leaving the white and black of the image unaltered. The Gamma adjustment is made to the derived alpha. Increasing gamma spreads the alpha so that the matte created by the wipe is more opaque. The affect of Gamma is much more noticeable at high softness values.
Alpha Offset controls an offset that is added to the output alpha. You can create a transition by animating from -255 to 255. At a value of -255, the entire image keys out. At a value of 255, the entire image is opaque.
Post Blur blurs the alpha channel after the matte is created. Use Post Blur to soften the edge in the matte for sources with high contrast edges.
Choke applies a choke to the matte. Positive values tighten the matte around the foreground image, while negative values pull the matte away from the edges of the foreground image.
Post Blur and Choke are particularly useful if you used the texture, pattern, or inﬂuence controls to make a wipe with a nice shape but too many sharp details.
Borders are computed before Blur and Choke are applied, so using both borders and blur or choke on the same effect may create unexpected results.
Working with the Composite Parameter Group
The controls in this group let you composite an underlying clip with the source image, and allow brightness, contrast, and apply modes to be used in the blended region.
Composite controls only affect images without an alpha channel if you use some Softness value (for example, make the Wipe Edge soft). If the image has an alpha channel, these settings affect partly transparent pixels even without Softness.
The most common use of the Composite settings is to boost the brightness and contrast of the blended region when creating a soft wipe. You can also achieve unusual composites by using an Apply mode.
The Blend menu lets you choose an apply mode to use in the blended region. For more about the available Apply Modes Click Here.
Blend Brightness adjusts the brightness used in the blended region.
Blend Contrast sets the amount of contrast used in the blended region.
Mix with Original blends the source and ﬁltered images. Use this parameter to animate the effect from the unﬁltered to the ﬁltered image without adjusting other settings, or to reduce the effect of the ﬁlter by mixing it with the source image.